Municipality of Teolo
The town of Teolo along with its several hamlets (Bresseo, Teolo, Treponti, Praglia, Feriole, Castelnuovo, San Biagio, Tramonte and Villa) is set in the northern quadrant of the Euganean Hills, west of the city of Padua. At the beginning of the twentieth century it already represented a destination for both citizens and tourists thanks to a tramway connecting it directly to the provincial capital.
The oldest hamlet in Teolo stands on a hill between the Mount Venda, the highest in the Hills, and the Mount della Madonna. It is identified as likely birthplace of the famous Roman historian Livy. In the fourteenth century, Teolo was appointed by the Carraresi as the capital of the Vicariate and retained the same status under the rule of the Venetian Republic. The Palazzetto dei Vicari, featuring a typical tower in the middle of the facade, dates back to that period. The Palace was inhabited by the Paduan nobles, appointed as administrators of the municipalities of the area. Today, after an appropriate restoration, the Palace houses the Museum of Contemporary Art entitled to the artist Dino Formaggio.
The nature trail of the Mount of Madonna, where the Sanctuary of the Beata Vergine Assunta (Our Lady of the Assumption) has been located since the sixteenth century, allows hikers to enjoy the surrounding sights. A deviation through the woods below the so-called Passo delle Fiorine, also allows to reach the ancient Church of Sant’Antonio and the legendary Grotta di Santa Felicita.
At Castelnuovo, Rocca Pendice stands consisting of a trachyte wall even 130 meters high, and today attractive destination for passionate climbers. Nowadays it houses the remains of an ancient fortress of the bishops of Padua and then of Carraresi, now covered by the overhanging vegetation.
In the eleventh century, the Abbey of Praglia was erected and later, at the end of the fifteenth century the church was rebuilt on design of Tullio Lombardo and then endowed with elegant sixteenth-century cloisters. It’s still residence to the Benedictine monks, who deal with the restoration of manuscripts and ancient books, as well as renowned center of religious tourism.