An ideal territory for the birth of the first urban centers
The Town of Rovolon stands on the north western side of the Euganean Hills, bordering the province of Vicenza.
Although there is no certain information on the origin of the first settlement, in the first century BC the territory of Rovolon was already joined to the municipium of Padua, while in 569 BC the area was split between Padua and Vicenza, by the King of the Lombards, Alboin. In the fourteenth century, following the fate of the neighboring villages, also Rebolone (whose toponym was certified in the tenth century) was subjected to Carraresi of Padua and then incorporated in the Republic of Venice.
Rovolon is the most ancient and the most populous center; it stands out in an elevated position, between the Mount Grande and Mount della Madonna. The outstanding Church of San Giorgio, edified in Lombard times, was donated by the Bishop of Padua to the Benedictine monastery of Santa Giustina in 970, afterwards restored many times. On the left of the church is the Antica Osteria Fardigo (formerly known as Palazzo Lion). It was built in the seventeenth century and represents a typical example of architectural use of the precious trachyte of Zovon. Following towards the hamlet of Bastia we find the sixteenth-century Villa Ottavia, referring to the centuries-old Benedictine presence in these places. It was built by the monks of Santa Giustina and was the residence of the Rector of the great monastic property, called the Court of Vegrolongo confiscated during the Napoleonic era. A wonderful panoramic view is offered by Villa Da Rio-Soranzo, today named Schiavinato.
The municipality of Rovolon includes two hamlets, in the plain: Bastia and Carbonara. The first takes its name from a fort dating back to Carrarese period and represents the town hall seat. In the past it was the hub of all the main local economic activities, being a crucial junction on a canal connecting with the Bacchiglione, a waterway that leads to the city of Padua. Among the many villas, which lent this area a special prestige, the focus is on Villa Barbarigo-Montesi and Villa Papafava at Frassanelle. The second one, built in the late nineteenth century on the ruins of the residence of the Carraresi cadet branch and is endowed with a wide park designed by Jappelli, currently turned into a renowned golf course.
Carbonara instead distinguished itself in the past for the excellent activity aimed at processing wood to turn it into charcoal, in Italian “carbone”, originating then its name.